Understanding Quantum Mechanics. The World According to Modern Quantum Foundations

دانلود کتاب Understanding Quantum Mechanics. The World According to Modern Quantum Foundations

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توضیحاتی در مورد کتاب Understanding Quantum Mechanics. The World According to Modern Quantum Foundations

نام کتاب : Understanding Quantum Mechanics. The World According to Modern Quantum Foundations
عنوان ترجمه شده به فارسی : آشنایی با مکانیک کوانتومی جهان بر اساس مبانی کوانتومی مدرن
سری :
نویسندگان : ,
ناشر : Springer
سال نشر : 2020
تعداد صفحات : 249
ISBN (شابک) : 9783030400675 , 9783030400682
زبان کتاب : English
فرمت کتاب : pdf
حجم کتاب : 4 مگابایت



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Preface
Acknowledgements
Contents
1 Some Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
1.1 Ontology
1.2 The Wave Function and Born\'s Statistical Hypothesis
1.3 The Spreading of the Wave Packet
1.4 No Mystery: The Double-Slit Experiment
1.5 The Importance of Configuration Space
1.6 The Classical Limit
1.6.1 Motion of Concentrated Wave Packets
1.7 Spin and the Stern–Gerlach Experiment
1.7.1 The Pauli Equation and the Stern–Gerlach Experiment
1.8 Why ``Spinors\'\'?
1.9 Hilbert Space and Observables
2 The Measurement Problem
2.1 The Orthodox Answer
2.2 Solutions to the Measurement Problem
2.2.1 The Negation of (1) Leads to Bohmian Mechanics
2.2.2 The Negation of (2) Leads to Collapse Theories Such As GRW
2.2.3 The Negation of (3) Leads to the Many Worlds Theory
2.3 Other Alternatives?
2.4 The Measurement Problem and Born\'s Statistical Hypothesis
2.5 Decoherence
2.6 The Ontology of Quantum Mechanics
3 Chance in Physics
3.1 Typicality
3.2 Small Causes, Large Effects
3.3 Coarse Graining and Typicality Measures
3.4 The Law of Large Numbers
3.5 Typicality in the Continuum
3.5.1 Newtonian Mechanics in Hamiltonian Form
3.5.2 Continuity Equation and Typicality Measure
3.5.3 Typicality and the Statistical Hypothesis
4 Bohmian Mechanics
4.1 From the Universe to Subsystems
4.2 Typicality Analysis and Born\'s Statistical Interpretation
4.3 Heisenberg\'s Uncertainty
4.4 Identical Particles and Topology
5 Collapse Theory
5.1 GRW Theory
5.2 Spontaneous Localization
5.3 Remarks About Collapse Theories
6 The Many Worlds Theory
6.1 Finding the World(s) in the Wave Function
6.1.1 Everett Versus Bohm
6.2 Probabilities in the Many Worlds Theory
6.2.1 Everett\'s Typicality Argument
6.3 Many Worlds: A Brief Assessment
7 The Measurement Process and Observables
7.1 Ideal Measurements: PVMs
7.2 PVMs and POVMs in General
7.3 It Is Theory that Decides What Is Observable
8 Weak Measurements of Trajectories
8.1 On the (Im)-Possibility of Measuring the Velocity
8.2 Surrealistic Trajectories?
8.3 Wheeler\'s Delayed-Choice Experiment
9 Hidden Variables
9.1 Joint Measurements of Observables
9.2 Two Assertions About Hidden Variables
9.2.1 Von Neumann\'s Theorem
9.2.2 The Kochen–Specker Theorem
9.3 Contextuality
10 Nonlocality
10.1 The EPR Argument
10.2 Bell Inequality
10.3 Implications and Misunderstandings
10.4 CHSH Inequality and the Generalized Bell Theorem
10.4.1 Derivation of the CHSH Inequality
10.5 Nonlocality and Faster-than-Light Signaling
11 Relativistic Quantum Theory
11.1 Difficulties of ``First\'\' and ``Second\'\' Class
11.1.1 Infinite Mass
11.1.2 Infinite Pair Creation
11.2 Field Ontology: What Exactly Is It?
11.3 Fermionic Fock Space
11.3.1 Particles and Antiparticles
11.3.2 Fock Space as the Dirac Sea
11.4 Multi-Time Wave Function
11.4.1 Time Evolution
12 Further Food for Thought
12.1 Many Worlds Interpretation of Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
12.2 Relativistic Bohm–Dirac Theory
12.3 Nonlocality Through Retrocausality
12.4 Bohmian ``Big Bang\'\' Model
12.5 Relativistic GRW Theory
13 Epilogue
Index




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